Thursday, November 27, 2008

ZX Spectrum Composite Video Mod

The original 48K spectrum was pared down to the very bone to keep the price low as possible, as a result many features that became standard on later 8bit machines were severely lacking, no joystick ports, no printer ports, no RS232 ports and no RBG video port. Many of these deficiencies were addressed by a multitude of 3rd party add-on interfaces over the subsequent years, yet there is still one problem facing folk who chose to use the original rubber keyed hardware today that was never properly addressed, its the fact that the only video output option is the RF (the aerial socket).

This is pain in the rear for many reasons, firstly the video quality is not as good as it could be, secondly TVs only have 1 aerial input so you have to fiddle round the back of the TV and disconnect your main aerial feed if you use it. Thirdly you have the problem of PAL type, the majority of spectrums were made with PAL I (UK PAL) modulators, if you happen to live in a non PAL I country and don’t have a TV smart enough to auto detect you are stuck with black and white.

Wouldn’t it be great if you could hook up the Speccy to one of the multitude of AV sockets modern TVs have? The Speccy didn’t have composite out because TVs of that era didn’t have composite inputs. Fast forward 5-10 years and most TVs did, but the Speccy is stuck in the past.

There is a way round this - and it is so simple it’s laughable; you need about 10 minutes, a soldering iron, and 4cm of thin wire. This modification also involves no visible changes to the case, no drilling, no cutting, and in fact the RF socket will still be the output method for the video - except it will be giving composite video out instead of RF. Happily the RF output socket is an RCA socket so you just hook up your yellow AV cable to the Speccy’s RF socket and you are away.

The trick is that the Speccy actually feeds composite video into the RF modulator in the 1st place, it modulates this to broadcast RF signals, TV is tuned to the output signal and dutifully converts it back in to composite for display. Naturally all this processing degrades the image and nowadays is totally unnecessary.

Heres how to do it - some of these photos are quite big, its hard to see what's going on when I shrank them, so I unshrank them.

Unscrew the 5 screws underneath that hold the case together. Lift the upper portion of the case off the lower and bring it towards you until you see the 2 ribbon cables attaching the keyboard to the main board. You don’t have to disconnect these but I would, you are more likely to strain them by leaving it connected while you work on the system than by removing and reconnecting them afterwards. By the way - this is the only risky part of the procedure, these keyboard membranes were never the most robust component and aged ones are probably more fragile - don’t strain or bend them ribbons.

There is one screw in the centre of the board that holds it to the lower case, unscrew this and remove the board.



In the rear left hand corner there is a metal box, this is the RF modulator, the lid is only clipped on - pop it off.

Now you can see what’s behind the RF socket, you will see a resistor standing on end in a small plastic tube, the upper leg is soldered to the central pin of the socket.



you need to unsolder that and bend the it away from the pin (Crap camera angle coming up... - you can just about see it in this shot. Tis easy to see what I mean if you have one in front of you tho).



You will also see 2 wires going into the RF box on the left hand side - one of these wires goes through a plastic insulator - that’s the video feed, clumbsily labelled V on the image.

The other one goes through a silvery nub is the +5V power feed for the modulator - we need to disconnect both of those wires. You could leave the modulator powered up but there is little point, also all the RF frequency circuitry could in theory interfere with the signal you are passing out the back in close proximity, so you might as well leave it powered off.

The 5V wire is just soldered to the upper of the board, unsolder it and bend it up out of the way as shown above. Just the video wire to disconnect, this is soldered through the board to the composite video signal line.

The video feed is soldered from beneath.



...unsolder this wire and bend it out of the way too. Make sure these 2 wires don’t touch anything or each other - you could put a piece of heat shrink insulation on both if you are enthusiastic enough.

Now Sinclair very handily chose a modulator with 2 holes through the plastic insulator on the side of the modulator, so you don’t even have to work out a way to get the wire to the socket. Pass your 4cm of thin wire through the second hole and solder the end to the central pin on the output socket. Solder the other end to where the RF box got its video input originally.

You can see the new yellow wire going from the old feed to through the second hole, also the old 2 connections detached and bent out of the way.



And that’s it - the ground on the Speccy is all common so the ground on the RF box and sleeve of the video socket is already connected up.

Double check you have wired everything as per the photos and put the Speccy back together. Connect "Der Computor" up to the telly.



Et Voila - a Speccy connected to my TV on input AV2.



Yay!

By the way – I didn’t invent this, it’s not even a recent discovery – it was described in some detail in a 1986 Crash magazine. There are also little FAQ text files from the bulletin boards of the early 90s floating around the web – but they all seem to make it sound harder than it is, and none had photos of the process which shows how simple it really is. Plus they all seem to advocate leaving the RF connected up and running a flying cable out the back of the unit – and or drilling a big hole in the case to have the feed dangling out the back – both are no-nos in my book, if I want an old system it has to be physically intact, cutting big holes is not an option, especially as it can be so damn neat as the above shows. It’s another 10 min job to reconnect the RF later if you decide you really do need it – but I can’t see why anyone would ever go back again.

77 comments:

Sir Morris said...

Lovely job documenting this. I performed the very same mod on a plus only a few weeks ago :)

It got a bit out of hand _after_ that though.. ;)

bandi13 said...

Thanks for this great tutorial. I applied it to my 2 Spectrums and they work great!

hallis said...

Absolutetly Brilliant!
Thanks for the tutorial. Got directed here after posting on WOS.
Did the job yesterday, works perfect.

graafen said...

You sir are a legend! I've come into ownership of a Spectrum and a Spectrum+ and I'm having a hard time tuning both of them in (I reckon "FIVE" is close enough frequency wise to interfere), but running them both as composite would be much easier. :)

Womble said...

Thanks for the comments folks, the last place this was hosted had a hit counter so I could see if folk were finding it, this site has nothing so I can only go on comments.

Glad its still proving useful and helping folk get their speccys to play nice with modern TVs :)

Andrew Gerrand said...

Thanks for the great guide. I performed this on my Spectrum+ this afternoon and it worked wonderfully.

Gavin said...

Hi, I bought a Spectrum 48k off Ebay only to find the RF modulator didnt work, your details were valuable to make the mod to get it working via composite video. Many thanks for taking the time

matt said...

this is for an earlier version of the 48k spectrum, i have the issue 3b and is different to the one shown, dont know where to stick the 4cm video feed everything else i did

matt said...

i worked out where to put the feed cable, silly me. thanx for the faq

matt said...

just a final note from me, got it working, brilliant, great tutorial. Manic miner-40" screen, lovely.

John said...

That worked for me. Spot on, One note, I tried it though our projector at work, no luck. Also tried it with our TV to VGA converter, didn't like that, But with scart into the TV, Great. Many thanks for the info. best find of the year so far.

St. Müller said...

Hello and thanks for the tutorial -- the first one I found where a noob like me can study the pictures.
On big question remains: does this also work on a ZX81?
Cheers!
St. Mueller, Switzerland

Beatriz said...

viagra online
buy viagra
generic viagra

Gavin74 said...

Hi if you are looking to to mod your ZX81 I used the following link and works great: - http://www.zx81stuff.org.uk/zx81/ts1500_video.html

St. Müller said...

Thanks for the much appreciated link Gavin74! I shall give it a try, hoping not to break anything.
Cheers!

Toolman said...

Thanks for a nicely documented and clean mod. Both my speccies actually had a wire going into the second plastic hole also, but aside from the the mod still works. I left the second wire connected, and uses a thin guage wire which fitted in alongside the original video feed in. See this flickr set for pics:

http://www.flickr.com/photos/8086033@N04/5050673258/in/photostream/

Devon W. said...

Hi, I just have one question: Does this modification work with NTSC televisions with composite input?

Giacomo said...

Hi, a very useful information, but the audio of Spectrum is off!. Can you find the electric contact on motherboard to "extract" the audio? (and add another connector from spectrum).
Many thanks
Giacomo

Fernando Jorge said...

wow! is so simple and works so well! many thanks :)

josef.andersson said...

Thanks. Took me 30 minutes, but then again, i'm a lousy fixer. Works great. Just doiung Zx spectrum on my 40 Samsung is cool.

marven said...

I could see if folk were finding it, It will be useful for all. logo design

David said...

Finally just got mine going. Im a us user of a speccy plus. These really helped me out. Haven't lived till you've seen a speccy on a 55" LCD TV.

Mak67uk said...

Awesome, just done this and it works a treat through my TV :)

All I need to do now is figure how to get it from RCA to Vga or Dvi ???

Possible or not

Thanks

Ian

LauraStarBene said...

Nice post! Thanks for sharing!
Comprare Cialis

netde said...

クレジットカード現金化

big said...

creditcard cash creditcard shopping, shopping cash creditcard shopping, creditcard cash creditcard shopping, shopping cash creditcard shopping, creditcard cash

john said...

Thanks a lot for sharing this amazing knowledge with us. This site is fantastic. I always find great knowledge from it.
organic seo service

London Escort Agency said...

Your Escort Agency offers exclusive and most beautiful London escort girls of various nationalities.
London Escort Agency

anita grace said...

Interesting Article. Hoping that you will continue posting an article having a useful information.
Birthday parties for kids in Miami
Kids birthday parties in Miami

Farrah Khan said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Farrah Khan said...

It’s good to see this information in your post, i was looking the same but there was not any proper resource, thanks now i have the link which i was looking for my research.

doctor ratings and reviews | find doctor list | doctor reviews by patients | doctor ratings and reviews by patients

Unknown said...

Nice information,Escort ankara
many thanks to the author.indirmeden izle
It is incomprehensible to me nowgünlük kiralık ev
, but in general,beylikdüzü günlük kiralık
the usefulness and significance is overwhelming.Ankara escort
Thanks again and good luck!
escort ankara
became the first designer in Wimbledon's 133-year history to create official uniforms for the tournamentescort izmir
As part of this year's event, which starts next week.
will introduces the first ...film izle
determinationEscort ankara
to maintain and enhance the values for which our two brands are famous throughout the world.escort ankara bayan
The rugby ralph lauren brand brings to Wimbledon the look of timeless elegance,escort bayan ankara
drawing on our rich history and traditionsEscort ankara
expert and i like your blog and the information you have
mentioned in this post about the Google tools is really great!
escort bayan
escort
escort istanbul
Bayan Escort
escort bayan ankara
taksim günlük kiralık ev
escort Kayseri
escort bayan ankara
escort ankara bayan
Escort Bayan Ankara
Ankara Escort,
Thanks for sharing. Very impressive

iori said...

Your site is good Actually, i have seen your post and That was very informative
and very entertaining for me. Thanks for posting Really Such Things. I should
recommend your site to my friends. Cheers.


3d ultrasounds
4d ultrasounds
4d3d ultrasounds

iori said...

hey that a really nice update on this... thanks for sharing the information..
keep posting mre.. i wil be following your blog..


tubal ligation reversal
tubal reversals

0Zero7 said...

I have attended her classes and enjoyed her ability to convey the information and experience of the wines in an approachable fun way
24 hour locksmiths
dc locksmith

marven said...

Evdo wireless is the leading product that provides unlimited high speed internet service to rural Americans, wireless internet .

London Crumpet said...

London escorts directory London Crumpet is created to expose Independent escorts and escort agencies in London. Everybody can post their advert on this directory for FREE.

Todaydownload.com said...

Resources like the one you mentioned here will be very useful to me ! I will post a
link to this page on my blog. I am sure my visitors will find that very useful
Speccy

roony clark said...

Very nice one. This is a good post here.....!

JFK Airport Limo

Bayan Ankara Escort said...

Ankara Escort, Escort Ankara, Escort Ankara Bayan
Escort Ankara, Escort Ankara Bayan, Ankara Escort Bayan
Bayan Ankara Escort, Ankara Bayan Escort, Ankara Escort Kızlar
Escort Kızlar Ankara, Escort Bayan Ankara, Escort Bayanlar Ankara
Escort Bayanlar Ankara, Ankara Bayan Escortlar, Ankara Eskort Bayan
Escort Kızlar Ankara, Ankara Escort Kadınlar, Ankara Eskort Bayanlar
Ankarada Tele Kızlar, Ankara Escort Kızlar, Ankara Eskort Bayan
Bursa Escort, Bayan Escort Bursa, Bursa Eskort Bayan
Kayseri Escort, Bayan Escort Kayseri, Kayseri Eskort Bayan ,
Escort Bayan Ankara ,
Escort Bayan,
Escort Ankara ,
Escort Ankara Bayan ,
Escort Bayan Ankara ,
Ankara Escort ,
Ankara Escort Bayan ,
Escort Bayan Ankara ,
Escort Bayan ,
Escort Ankara Bayan ,
Ankara Escort ,
Ankara Escort Bayan ,
Escort Bayan Ankara ,
Ankara Escort Bayan ,
Escort Ankara,
Bayan Ankara Escort ,
Escort Ankara ,
Escort Bursa,
Escort Ankara Bayan,
Ankara Escort Bayan ,
Ankara Günlük Kiralık Ev ,
Escort Ankara Bayan ,
Thanks for sharing. Very impressive

Stefan Schomburg said...

Thanks a million!

John Clark said...

Lovely facts and figures. I will continue visiting this blog regularly.
Hot Deals

Ac repair said...

Naturally all this processing degrades the image and nowadays is totally unnecessary.
Review AC Contractors

rogerjowett said...

help looking for anyone willing to try the two snapper discs from the velesoft site they run zx spectrum 48 and one 128 programs at 6mhz using external 1-4mb sam ram in sim coupe emulator with masterdos booted first
also need help trying to persuade lcd to modify bmp2scr program HELP


https://docs.google.com/leaf?id=0B89owy4IGOzuZDdmNmE5MzYtMWRmOC00M2Y1LTliYmYtYWQ0YmZhNzJmZDZh&hl=en&authkey=CMiitMsP

http://www.youtube.com/user/3ASOFT#p/a/u/1/PHvwJVRTHTU

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vg9YR8qnQWk&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DfDEU_Ifrw&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PDfVjsiBzY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vH8mgxzwLwI&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6v2EFAhiQA&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=065NLBsrPqg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8nhIqP6Ksc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgnGcT_yvCg

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GqcHZY3_Vc8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BXmOQTaMnrk&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEbhsXIL8a8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-nE0kpk0Lg&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iURLjmpyrvI&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYwSc8taTi0&feature=related

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0003.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0005.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0031.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0030.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0048.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0052.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0049.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0050.png

http://cid-1c842d5b23e1e0e2.skydrive.live.com/self.aspx/.Public/snap0051.png

Hunterheat furnace said...

your details were valuable to make the mod to get it working via composite video. Many thanks for taking the time. Furnace Repair Edmond

Barthel S. said...

Thank you very mouch! Now after years, i can play with my Sinclair again - on an 40" Flatscreen.

Greetings from Germany,
Sebastian

Classy Models said...

Been dating Arıyorsunuz.news Location Escorts contact information is available on our Web Site. Escort News

pooja mehta said...

Awesome post If you are looking for great sexual enjoyment, our escorts are gorgeous & extremely beautiful with oomph sex appeal. You can find them fantastic in your bed and feel great relax after their amazing services
Mumbai female escort

pooja mehta said...

I like you post Book escort girls online here & enjoy yourself after strenuous work in your office. Mostly, we have teenagers who have great understandings of foreplay with their clients. You will feel great satisfaction if choose these sexy escort girls
Mumbai hi fi call girls

pooja mehta said...

Nice place to find a fabulous escort service thanks for really nice information about escort
Mumbai Escorts Service

pooja mehta said...

Hot and sexy escort girl in this post. really awesome and erotic post
Independent Escorts in mumbai

pooja mehta said...

Nice post to find an erotic escort service thanks for really nice information about escort
Mumbai escorts in mumbai

vivek singh said...

Hi…
Friend I am Vivek Agrawal from India. i need Escorts service .i am search on The Google then I am found the Shilpioberoi website . I think Shilpioberoi is the best Escorts services provided by Internet. I am using this service. I am very happy use this services.

Jerry Gene said...

Nice and quite informative post. I really look forward to your other posts.

Sony - VAIO T Series Ultrabook 13.3" Laptop - 6GB Memory - 500GB Hard Drive

Sony - VAIO S-Series 15.5" Laptop - 8GB Memory - 1TB Hard Drive

John Terry said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
John Terry said...




Found your blog. It is full of really good information. Thank you for sharing. If you ever need service on air conditioning repair please visit us at rheemteamcomfort.com. We would love it if you would have a look at some of our blogs and let us know your thoughts.

Lovely BHVANA FROM GOA said...

This is the best post ever I have seen it.

Goa Escorts
Goa Escorts
Goa Escorts
Goa Escorts
Bangalore Escorts
Goa Escorts
Bollywood Dhamaal
Goa Escorts
Bangalore Escorts
Bangalore Escorts
Goa Escorts

Thanks
Raghav

Yuvraj Jadeja said...

http://www.katrina-jasoos.in

Oh my gosh !!! you feel you have got a right Call Girls when you are in Goa. Then Rethink it buddies @@@ you have come to best Goa Call Girls 08585025915.

Goa Call Girls, Goa Escorts, Goa Female Escorts, Escorts In Goa, Goa Escort Services, Goa HIFI Escorts, Goa Celebrity Escorts

rock said...

HO Call +91 8585025915 Delhi Escort caters erotic escort services. Avail the best Delhi escort services with the best escorts in Delhi and Delhi call girls http://www.sonakshi-sinha.in

Yuvraj Jadeja said...

http://www.dipika-tamasha.in/

You are just a call away from dialing a number 0091 8585025915 for you own goa female escorts. We the goa females will get you best escorts in goa.

Goa Female Escorts, Escorts In Goa, Goa Escorts, Goa Escort Service, Goa Independent Escorts

Lovely BHVANA FROM GOA said...

Hi This is one of the best website I have ever seen. Keep posting it. We love it.

Bangalore Escorts

Bangalore Escort Agency

Bangalore Female Escorts

Vip Escorts In Bangalore

Bangalore Call Girls

Sex Services In Bangalore

Bangalore Escort Services

VIP escorts in bangalore

Thanks
Raghav

Yuvraj Jadeja said...

http://www.akshara-haasan.in/

Oh my gosh !!! you feel you have got a right Call Girls when you are in Goa. Then Rethink it buddies @@@ you have come to best Goa Call Girls 08585025915.

Goa Call Girls, Goa Escorts, Goa Female Escorts, Escorts In Goa, Goa Escort Services, Goa HIFI Escorts, Goa Celebrity Escorts

Komal Patel said...

http://www.bollywooddhamaal.website

Bollywood News, Bollywood Gossips, Indian Actress and Actresses are the best place to know about Indian entertainers who can just reach all bollywood quality.

Bollywood News, Bolloywood Gossips, Indian Actress, Indian Actresses, Bollywood Heros, Bollywood Heroiens

Reeha SIngh said...

http://www.karina-khan.in

Goa Escorts are the heaven for any human kind which will amuse you by its Female Escorts In Goa. So if you are in goa and looking for escorts in goa then 08585025915


Goa Escorts, Goa Female Escorts, Goa Escort Services, Goa Independent Escorts, Goa Call Girls, Escorts In Goa, Goa Sex Services

Yuvraj Jadeja said...

http://www.dipika-piku.in

You are just a call away from dialing a number 0091 8585025915 for you own goa female escorts. We the goa females will get you best escorts in goa.

Goa Female Escorts, Escorts In Goa, Goa Escorts, Goa Escort Service, Goa Independent Escorts

Yuvraj Jadeja said...

http://www.anushka-velvet.in/

Oh my gosh !!! you feel you have got a right Call Girls when you are in Goa. Then Rethink it buddies @@@ you have come to best Goa Call Girls 08585025915.

Goa Call Girls, Goa Escorts, Goa Female Escorts, Escorts In Goa, Goa Escort Services, Goa HIFI Escorts, Goa Celebrity Escorts

Varun Reddy said...

Fake DVI Dual-Link cables. Dual-Link is a real thing, so don't get confused here; actually, it's one of the best three consumer display interfaces available right now (and its quality depends on the copper more than the standard, which has excellent implications for specific setups). The problem, though, is that a lot of manufacturers are selling "dual-link" cables that don't even have the extra pins wired! They have the dual-link pins, but if you cut the cable open, it's got no wires running between the pins. They're just dummy pins. Technically, the header is "dual-link," but the VGA Cable itself is single-link and won't support higher resolutions as expected.

Fereshte Shokri said...

فروش تردمیل
خرید تردمیل
هایپرجیم
دوچرخه ثابت
تردمیل
تردمیل خانگی
تردمیل باشگاهی
تردمیل توربو فیتنس
تردمیل جی کی اکسر
تردمیل استرانگ
تردمیل پروتئوس
تردمیل پاندا
تردمیل آیرون مستر
تردمیل تاپ فرم
تردمیل تاپ شیپ
تردمیل فلکسی فیت
تردمیل پرفشنال
تردمیل دیادورا
تردمیل بی اچ فیتنس
تردمیل استرانگ مستر
تردمیل روبیمکث
تردمیل
قیمت تردمیل
خرید تردمیل
فروش تردمیل
تردمیل خانگی
تردمیل باشگاهی
تردمیل دست دوم
قیمت تردمیل
تنیس
آموزش تنیس کودکان
آموزش خصوصی تنیس
اجاره زمین تنیس
اجاره زمین تنیس در تهران
ساخت زمین تنیس
فروش لوازم تنیس
مربی تنیس
آموزش تنیس
آموزش تنیس خاکی
آکادمی تنیس
باشگاه تنیس

Suzen Khan said...

We have a young and cute Indian escort working in Mumbai for the moment. So if you are in Mumbai and want the perfect escort to spend some time with please call and book an appointment with her. http://www.mumbaipassionescort.com/ | http://www.mumbaipassionescort.com/contact.html | http://www.mumbaipassionescort.com/services.html| http://www.mumbaipassionescort.com/gallery.html| http://www.mumbaipassionescort.com/contact.html | http://www.mumbaipassionescort.com/rates.html

Khalid Baid said...


MIDSUMMER SEASON WEDDING WEAR SHOES
Handbag & Clutches For Hot Girls
Front Open Double Shirt
Fashion Gallery Lehenga Choli
Stylo Best Mehndi Designs
HANDBAGS FOR WOMEN FASHION
Latest Sherwani Designs
Bridal Jewellery Set
Zara Shahjahan Eid Dresses
Mehndi Patterns for EID
SUMMER SEASON LADIES DRESSES FASHION
Sophia Tolli Collection
Earrings In Gold Collection
Actress Maya Ali – Fashion Collection
Bridal Gowns Collection
LADIES BLAZER STYLES OUTFITS
MEHNDI DRESS DESIGNS
BRIDAL SHOES
SHIRTS GRAY MAXI SKIRT SKIRTS
BRIDAL DRESSES WESTERN STYLE
LAWN AND CHIFFON OUTFITS
classic lawn suits
mix eid dresses
midsummer kurta
anarkali suits

Khalid Baid said...

REVLON NAIL POLISH COLORS
lehnga choli dresses
bridal makeup
ball garments
babydoll night wear dresses
MEN WEAR WEDDING SHERWANI
Jewelry Women Wear
Saheli Couture By Preity Zinta Dresses
Parties Hairstyle
Zainab Chottani Pretty Suits
STYLISH SUNGLASSES DESIGNS
FROCKS DESIGNS FASHION
LONG GOWNS OUTFITS FASHION
HUMAN SALMAN KHAN STYLISH DRESSES
UTSAV FASHION NET INDIAN SAREES
Fancy Lawn Clothes
Nail Designs For UK Girls
Girls Footwear Selection
Pakistani Lehenga Clothes

Sezgin Kurt said...

Thank you for your time on commenting! I love all your comments and really appreciate your thoughts.Thanks
Kızılay Hayat Kadını
Adana Hayat Kadını
travesti bulma sitesi
Antalya Hayat Kadını
hd pornaları indir

Ahmet Zeybek said...

I am thoroughly convinced in this said post.
İlkay Yetkili Servis
Ankarada kız yurdu
Kia pregio şanzıman
Lazer Epilasyon Ankara
Çankaya Arçelik Teknik Servisi
Beyin Cerrahisi
istanbul'da özel erkek yurtları

Aalia Sharma said...

Our Colva Escorts understand the charm and excitement which feds up over a time with a single person. So we have collection of wonderful college girls, air hostess, independent models, russian tourist escorts and various call girls in Colva.

The girls are hot and sexy which bring excitement and joy in the life of you boys and professional Men’s. The looks will we killing and touch will give your cock instantly hard on. You have to control your lust and desire. Girls are taught how to activate wild sexual side of men, which is the need for a healthy life by Colva Beach call girls. So these escorts in Colva will bring lot of nourishment in your sexual habits.

Many of Colva Beach Escorts are independent in nature as they work on their own price tags and their own wish fulfillment like shopping, dancing and fun with lot of sexual entertainment.

Goa-high-profile-escorts
Goa-female-escorts
Goa-call-girls
Goa-independent-escorts

söve said...

Thanks.
maket pasta

söve said...

Thanks.

strafor kesim

TvCinemaorg Sinema Keyfi said...

thanks cnmmm yerli korku filmleri
paranormal
Ankara Dershane

Followers